Swedish Economic History

In this section, you will find a brief introduction to approximately 150 years of Swedish economic history. During this time period, Sweden developed from a poor agrarian country on the outskirts of Europe to one of the wealthiest nations in the world. The articles below describe this transition.

Agricultural toward Industrial
This article describes a number of important changes and reforms that led Sweden into the early stages of industrialization.

From War to the Swedish Model
This article outlines Swedish economic history during the first half of the 20th century through severe business cycle swings and the introduction of the Swedish model.

Structural Problems and reforms
This article describes the problems that surfaced in the mid-1970s, a period when Sweden suffered from a cost crisis, decreased competitiveness, deregulations, and a severe economic crisis, but also made a recovery.

Sweden today
This section includes information regarding the Swedish economy today, the public sector and taxes, globalization and quick facts.