Each year, the OECD compiles a table ranking its member countries according to their purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita. “Purchasing power adjusted” means the GDP per capita of the country has been adjusted with respect to price levels in order to increase comparability. The list shows the value of the production of the countries adjusted for both price levels and population size.
From the late 1970s until the early 1990s, the growth rate of the Swedish GDP was weaker than for the majority of the industrialised countries. During the deep recession in 1991-1993, the Swedish GDP actually fell about 4 per cent, which resulted in a swift fall in the OECD list. As a consequence, Sweden’s purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita has fallen in relation to other industrial countries over recent decades, from fourth to fourteenth place. Since the late 1990s, Sweden has begun climbing in the ranking again and currently holds ninth place.
When comparing the purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita of a country to another, it is important to note that differences between some countries are very small. Also, countries continuously revise their GDP figures, which may lead to rapid changes in the ranking.